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Portada del sitio > Documentos > Estudios Científicos > A meta-analysis for neurobehavioral effects due to electromagnetic field (...)

Occup Environ Med. 2007 Oct 10;

A meta-analysis for neurobehavioral effects due to electromagnetic field exposure emitted by GSM mobile phones.

Viernes 19 de octubre de 2007 · 1602 lecturas

Occup Environ Med. 2007 Oct 10;

A meta-analysis for neurobehavioral effects due to electromagnetic field exposure emitted by GSM mobile phones.

Barth A, Winker R, Ponocny-Seliger E, Mayrhofer W, Ponocny I, Sauter C, Vana N.

Institute of Management Science, Austria.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have investigated the potential effects of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) emitted by GSM mobile phones ( 900 MHz to 1800 MHz) on cognitive functioning, but results have been equivocal. In order to try and clarify this issue, the current study carried out a meta-analysis on nineteen experimental studies. DESIGN: meta-analysis METHODS: Nineteen studies were taken into consideration. Ten of them were included in the meta-analysis as they fulfil several minimum requirements; for example, single-blind or double-blind experimental study design and documentation of means and standard deviation of the dependent variables. The meta-analysis aimed at comparing exposed with non-exposed subjects assuming that there is a common population effect so that one single effect size could be calculated. When homogeneity for single effect sizes was not given, an own population effect for each study and a distribution of population effects was assumed. RESULTS: Attention measured by the subtraction task seems to be affected in regard of decreased reaction time. Working memory measured by the N-back test seems to by affected too: Under condition 0-back target response time is lower under exposure, while under condition 2-back target response time increases. The number of errors under condition 2-back non-targets appears to be higher under exposure. CONCLUSION: Results of the meta-analysis suggest that EMFs may have a small impact on human attention and working memory.

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